Parution : Amira K. Bennison, “The Almoravid and Almohad Empires”, Edinburgh University Press, 2016.
Amira K. Bennison, The Almoravid and Almohad Empires, Edinburgh University Press, 2016.
A comprehensive account of two of the most important empires in medieval North Africa
This is the first book in English to provide a comprehensive account of the rise and fall of the Almoravids and the Almohads, the two most important Berber dynasties of the medieval Islamic west, an area that encompassed southern Spain and Portugal, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. The Ṣanhāja Almoravids emerged from the Sahara in the 1050s to conquer vast territories and halt the Christian advance in Iberia. They were replaced a century later by their rivals, the Almohads, supported by the Maṣmūda Berbers of the High Atlas. Although both have often been seen as uncouth, religiously intolerant tribesmen who undermined the high culture of al-Andalus, this book argues that the eleventh to thirteenth centuries were crucial to the Islamisation of the Maghrib, its integration into the Islamic cultural sphere, and its emergence as a key player in the western Mediterranean, and that much of this was due to these oft-neglected Berber empires.
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. The Almoravids: Striving in the path of God
Chapter 3. The Almohads: Revelation, revolution and empire
Chapter 4. Society in the Almoravid and Almohad eras, 1050-1250
Chapter 5. Economy and trade within and beyond imperial frontiers, 1050-1250
Chapter 6. Malikism, Mahdism and Mysticism: Religion and learning, 1050-1250
Chapter 7. ‘The most wondrous artifice’: Art and Architecture of the Berber empires
Chapter 8. Conclusion
List of Place Names in Latin and Arabic forms
Glossary of Arabic terms
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