We invite papers for the panel, « Cities at War in the Medieval Islamic World (10th–15th c.) », session 06 of the 13th International Conference on Urban History organized by the European Association for Urban History (August 24th-27th 2016, Helsinki, Finland)
Abbès Zouache, Cnrs, Université Lumière Lyon 2, ENS, EHESS, FranceElodie Vigouroux, Institut français du Proche-Orient, Beyrouth, Lebanon The call for papers is now open and closes on October 31st 2015. Abstracts of paper proposals should not exceed 300 words. Please send your proposals only via the EAUH 2016 website. https://www.conftool.pro/eauh2016/, proposals sent by email will not be considered.
(S06) « Cities at War in the Medieval Islamic World (10th–15th c.) »
From the 10th to the 15th Century, power became more militarized in the Islamic world. The sovereigns had to occupy the urban centres in order to control and defend a territory. The cities were provided with specific equipments (fortifications, barracks, palaces, racecourses, specialized markets or taverns) that were directly or indirectly linked to the presence of armies and military leaders. Then the configuration of the cities was deeply modified by the establishment of these new structures. Beyond these visible changes, the settlement of the soldiers had also a significant impact on the social and economic landscape of the cities. Finally, war itself broke out in urban centres, bringing violence, fear, and destruction.
Several works dealing with these topics and based on historical sources, have recently attested that war and military activities can enlighten the social and urban history of the Medieval Islamic world. Indeed, during the Middle Ages, most of the important cities in the Dār al-Islām were affected by internal and local struggles – Turkish expansion, crusades, Mongol invasions, Reconquista…
The present session aims at analyzing the consequences of the presence of military forces in Medieval Islamic cities, in times of war and peace. On the one hand, its purpose consists in understanding the process of the configuration and reconfiguration of the space, in a threatened city, before, during and after conflicts. One the other hand, it seeks to examine the perception of war among the population, and its behaviour and feelings, facing fights, sieges or invasions.
The panel will focus on several questions:
– How and to what extent did the presence of fortifications or equipments dedicated to the armies influence urban development?
– How did the inhabitants get ready for war? How did they live during conflicts? Did the breaking of war affect the social and economic order?
– How were buildings and places of the city used in war and post-war backgrounds? Did the configuration of urban space have an influence on combat?