Parution: D. Aigle, The Mongol Empire between Myth and Reality – Studies in Anthropological History

Leyde, Brill, 2014

Editeur : BRILL. 87 pp., 9 illus., 4 tables, 5 maps, 107 € Volume 11 de la collection Iran Studies ISBN 13 : 9789004277496

ISSN : 1569-7401

 

In The Mongol Empire between Myth and Reality, Denise Aigle presents the Mongol empire as a moment of contact between political ideologies, religions, cultures and languages, and, in terms of reciprocal representations, between the Far East, the Muslim East, and the Latin West. The first part is devoted to “The memoria of the Mongols in historical and literary sources” in which she examines how the Mongol rulers were perceived by the peoples with whom they were in contact. In “Shamanism and Islam” she studies the perception of shamanism by Muslim authors and their attempts to integrate Genghis Khan and his successors into an Islamic framework. The last sections deal with geopolitical questions involving the Ilkhans, the Mamluks, and the Latin West. Genghis Khan’s successors claimed the protection of “Eternal Heaven” to justify their conquests even after their Islamization.

 

Table des matières:

Introduction

THE MEMORIA OF THE MONGOLS IN HISTORICAL AND LITERARY SOURCES

Chapter One. Mythico-legendary figures and history between East and West

Chapter Two. The Mongols and the legend of Prester John

Chapter Three. The historiographical works of Barhebreaus on the Mongol period

Chapter Four. The historical taqwīm in Muslim East

SHAMANISM AND ISLAM

Chapter Five. Shamanism and Islam in Central Asia. Two antinomic religious universes?

Chapter Six. The transformation of a myth of origins, Genghis Khan and Timur

Chapter Seven. Mongol law versus Islamic law. Myth and reality

CONQUERING THE WORLD PROTECTED BY THE TENGGERI

Chapter Eight. From ‘non-negociation’ to an abortive alliance. Thoughts on the diplomatic exchanges between the Mongols and the Latin West

Chapter Nine. Hülegü’s letters to the last Ayyubid ruler of Syria. The construction of a model

MAMLUKS AND ILKHANS. THE QUEST OF LEGITIMACY

Chapter Ten. Legitimizing a regicide monarch. Baybars and the Ilkhans

Chapter Eleven. The written and the spoken word. Baybars and the caliphal investiture ceremonies in Cairo

Chapter Twelve. The Ghazan Khan’s invasion of Syria. Polemics on his conversion to Islam and the Christian troops in his army

Chapter Thirteen. A religious response to Ghazan Khan’s invasion of Syria. The three ‘anti-Mongol’ fatwās of Ibn Taymiyya

Epilogue. The Mongol empire after Genghis Khan


Camille Rhoné

Agrégée d'histoire, titulaire d'une thèse de doctorat en histoire de l'Islam médiéval ("Défendre le territoire en Iran nord-oriental - Khorassan et Transoxiane -, IXe-XIe siècle"), Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.

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