Conférence de John France (Swansea University) : “Egypt, the Jazira and Jerusalem. Middle-Eastern Tensions and the Foundation of the Crusader States”, 22 octobre 2014 18h00, durée 1h00, IFAO.

The establishment of Europeans in the Middle East in the form of a patchwork of states is a puzzling phenomenon. The First Crusade was always heavily outnumbered, yet it was successful. But most of the people who participated and survived went home leaving very few settlers in the Middle East. Despite this, they expanded their tiny footholds into four states, Edessa, Antioch, Jerusalem and Tripoli. They themselves were aware of how few they were, but they attributed their success to divine intervention. Modern historians have come up with rather more worldly explanations! Prominent amongst them is the recognition that the Islamic world of the Middle East was sharply divided, with Fatimid Egypt posing a great threat to the Turkish Seljuk Empire of Baghdad, which was, however, itself in decline. This paper will examine the every serious nature of the divisions within Islam and suggest how they were overcome.


Hassan Bouali

Docteur en histoire médiévale de l'université Paris Nanterre.

Vous aimerez aussi...

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse e-mail ne sera pas publiée.

Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables. En savoir plus sur comment les données de vos commentaires sont utilisées.

Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search