Appel à comm. : “Eastern Mediterranean Coastal and Island Environments: Natural Resources, Their Uses and Perceptions (15th-18th c.)” (limite : 31 mars 2023)
Appel à communication : Workshop qui se tiendra à l’Université de Ljubljana, dans le cadre de son programme d’étude “Gouverner les Îles: Territoires, ressources et savoirs des sociétés insulaires en Méditerranée”, en Slovénie, 29 juin-1er juillet 2023.
“Eastern Mediterranean Coastal and Island Environments: Natural Resources, Their Uses and Perceptions (15th – 18th centuries)”
From the Northern Adriatic to the so-called “Levantine” coasts, political rivalries, including, among others, Ottoman, Habsburg and Venetian, were often challenged by the durability and lasting legacy of maritime trade, which in turn allowed for high levels of local economic specialization. Questioning or assessing the impact of political boundaries on environmental transformations has indeed been a long-term objective of Mediterranean studies, from Fernand Braudel to Faruk Tabak. As a result, it is now important to trace the diversity of policies implemented in different places, in order to better understand the way political structures reacted to – and sometimes also triggered – ecological changes at different scales. The aim of this event is, therefore, to consider human-environment interactions by focusing oneconomic, social and administrative actors, whether local or distant, their management of natural resources, their evolving perceptions of their natural environments, and the ensuing ecological impacts and legacy in the Adriatic and the Eastern Mediterranean islands and coasts, from the 15th to the 18th centuries.
The workshop invites mainly, but non-exclusively, Master’s, PhD students and early career researchers of history, archival studies, archaeology, archaeobotany, archaeozoology, palynology, and palaeoclimatology. Three main themes will be examined:
1) Primary sources, be they written documents, paleodata, or archeological material. How can their creation, selection, organization, and current perceptions influence scientific inquiry? Historians need to address the heuristic strategies at stake in documenting the environmental history of past societies. Both the content and the types of archival information strongly depend on the aims of historical actors, be they public or private. This aspect is all the more important, since researchers sometimes investigate separately the many archive centers of the Adriatic and the Eastern Mediterranean. Bringing documents together could lead scientific work to challenge past and present borders. Likewise, studies based on past legacies preserved in the landscape (archives of nature) and other material sources, all studied by archaeology, archaeobotany, archaeozoology, palynology, and paleoclimatology, equally produce knowledge through a process of information selection which deserves to be examined and questioned.
2) Environmental transformations in periods of political, social and economic change. How can researchers of today detect the patterns of continuity or discontinuity in the landforms, the past flora and fauna, the aquatic environments and the uses of natural resources in general in periods of war, social unrest or economic tensions? And more specifically, to what extent can we detect the ecological impacts of conquests and their long-term environmental legacies in the different “imperial” settings which characterized the Adriatic and the Eastern Mediterranean in the Early Modern period? This theme is an invitation to examine the local consequences of regional changes, such as one island, or locality becoming part of a new political entity. It could also encompass studies looking at forms of continuity and discontinuity in the knowledge that former and new administrators had of the local resources and their management.
3) Connections between regional and local environmental transformations.
This theme is open to various case-studies exploring the integration of local dynamics into broader regional trends. Between the two contrasting concepts of stability on the one hand and a thorough transformation on the other, a whole spectrum of possibilities and specificities can be delineated. Among others, how can we trace the spread of ecosystem management types, the diffusion of an agricultural technique or even the effect that transhumant herds had over the lands they crossed? Studies concerning sea and fresh-water fish, forest and grazing resources in particular could be examined here. These questions also prompt us to consider the understanding that historical actors had of possible uses of relevant natural resources and their limits. More generally, hypotheses and results linking different scales will be welcome, whether limited to the Adriatic, the Eastern Mediterranean, or including more distant connections.
The event will be organized by the University of Ljubljana and the study program “Gouverner les Îles: Territoires, ressources et savoirs des sociétés insulaires en Méditerranée”, in Slovenia, from June 29th-to July 1st, 2023.
It will include visits to Slovenian historical centers and archival fonds.
Participants will be invited to present a 25-min paper including their study data, documents or conceptual frameworks. Summaries will be circulated in advance.
Accommodation, food and excursion expenses will be provided for. Travel costs are expected to be covered by the participants’ institutions. A reduced number of optional travel grants will remain reserved for participants with no other funding option.
Date limite : 31 mars 2023
Submissions, limited to 1000 words, should be sent before March 31th, 2023 to paulineguena[at]hotmail.fr and ziga.zwitter[at]ff.uni-lj.si .
They should include: Name, surname, email address, university or current institution. Applicants will be notified of the selection results by April 21st.
Scientific committee: Hayri Gökşin Özkoray (Aix-Marseille Université – TELEMMe), Mathieu Grenet (Université Champollion Albi), Pauline Guéna (CNRS-TELEMMe), Onur Inal (Universität Wien), Dušan Mlacović (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts (humanities)), Milica Prokić (University of Glasgow), Solène Rivoal (Université Champollion Albi), Žiga Zwitter (University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts (humanities))