Séminaire en ligne : M. Terrier, « The Revival of Twelver Shi’i Tafsīr in Early Modern and Modern Times: Three Case Studies », 25/11/2020

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Durant la première séance, le mercredi 25 novembre de 14h à 16h (heure britannique), j’aurai le plaisir d’accueillir Mathieu Terrier (CNRS) pour une conférence intitulée :  » The Revival of Twelver Shi’i Tafsīr in Early Modern and Modern Times: Three Case Studies« .

According to the doctrine of early Imami Shi’ism, the authority to interpret the <a class="glossify-link" title="

(also Koran. Arabic term meaning, ‘recitation’ or ‘scripture’): Muslims believe that the Holy Qur’an contains divine revelations to Prophet Muhammed received in Mecca and Medina over a period of 23 years in the early 7th century CE. It consists of 114 suras (chapters) of varying lengths, each of which is divided into a number of ayat (verses). The suwar (chapters) fall under two categories, the Meccan in reference to those revealed while the Prophet was in Mecca, and the Medinan in reference to those revealed while he was in Medina. After the first sura, called al-Fatiha, the rest of the chapters are arranged roughly in decreasing order of length. There are varying traditions amongst Muslims about the collection and compilation of the Holy Qur’an, although it is generally believed that the authoritative collection (mushaf) was prepared following the demise of Prophet Muhammad. Among Muslims, the Holy Qur’an plays a central role in rituals, law, theology, literature arts and spirituality.

 » href= »https://www.iis.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/25456″>Qur’an belongs exclusively to ʿAlī and his descendants, the Imams. Consequently, most of the Tafsīrs written in Twelver Imami circles after the Occultation of the twelfth Imam are essentially comprised of traditions attributed to the Imams. Yet, an impressive revival of the Imami Tafsīr can be observed in the Ilkhanid period, and even more so during the Safavid era in Iran, in the context of interfacing between Imami Shi’ism, <a class="glossify-link" title="From ‘sufi,’; an exponent of sufism (in Arabic tasawwuf); the most common term used for the mystical approach to Islam.  » href= »https://www.iis.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/23581″>Sufism and philosophy. The lecture will present three case studies in order to illustrate the evolution of Imami Qur’anic exegesis in the early modern and modern eras, in its coherence and diversity: al-Muḥīṭ al-aʿẓam by <a class="glossify-link" title="(pl. Sada- Asyad) Arabic term for ‘lord’ or ‘master’. It is a pre-Islamic term and refers to a person who possesses dignity or enjoys an exalted position among his people. Amongst Muslims, the term came to indicate descendants of the Prophet Muhammad, especially those who descend from his grandson, Imam Husayn ibn ‘Ali. It is also used as a title for Sufi masters, notable theologians and ‘ulama’.  » href= »https://www.iis.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/25376″>Sayyid Ḥaydar Āmulī; Tafsīr Sharīf Lāhījī, alias Quṭb al-Dīn Ashkevarī; and Mirʾāt al-anwār by Abū l-Ḥasan al-Iṣfahānī. Rather than three separated trends, these works reflect different ways of combining Shi’i esotericism, mysticism and rationalism within the framework of Qur’anic exegesis.

Date: 25 November 2020
Time: 2.00 pm – 4.00 pm GMT
Location: Online (Zoom)

Q&A: At any time during the lecture, attendees can submit questions to the speaker through the Q&A option at the bottom of the control panel. As time allows, the speaker will address as many questions as they can during the Q&A session at the end of the presentation.

Recording: Please note that the session will be recorded and published on the IIS website.

Speaker: Dr Mathieu Terrier (CNRS, Paris).

Discussants: Dr Fârès Gillon (IIS, London), Dr Toby Mayer (IIS, London).

Dr Mathieu Terrier is a Research Fellow at the French National Scientific Research Centre (CNRS, Paris). A historian of Islamic thought, his research deals mainly with the relationship between Shiʿi Islam, philosophy and <a class="glossify-link" title="From ‘sufi,’; an exponent of sufism (in Arabic tasawwuf); the most common term used for the mystical approach to Islam.  » href= »https://www.iis.ac.uk/taxonomy/term/23581″>Sufism before and during the Safavid period in Iran. His publications include: Histoire de la sagesse et philosophie shi’ite. L’Aimé des Cœurs de Quṭb al-Dīn Ashkevarī (Paris, 2016); and, with Denis Hermann (eds.), Shi’i Islam and Sufism. Classical Visions and Modern Perspectives (London, 2020).Informations et inscription sur le lien ci-dessous :

https://www.iis.ac.uk/events/revival-twelver-shii-tafsir-early-modern-and-modern-times-three-case-studies


Sterenn Le Maguer-Gillon

Archéologue spécialiste de la péninsule Arabique et du commerce dans l'océan Indien, vacataire à l'Institut catholique de Paris et à l'Université Rennes 2.

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